زبان عمومي (منحصراً زبان) سراسري1387
PART A: Grammar and Vocabulary
Directions: Questions 76 - 90 are incomplete sentences. Beneath each sentence you will see four words or phrases, marked: (1) , (2) , (3) , and (4). Choose the one word or phrase that best completes the sentence. Then mark your answer sheet.
76. The students were very ……… when they saw that ……… movie.
1) amusing - interesting 2) amusing - interested 3) amused - interesting 4) amused - interested
77. Most of us ignore this good advice, ……… we know it to be true.
1) whether 2) because 3) so that 4) even though
78. Some of the things are ……… small ……… without a microscope.
1) too – to see 2) very – to see 3) so – that don’t see 4) such – that don’t see
79. Mona Lisa ……… by Leonardo da Vinci as far as I ……… .
1) was painted - know 2) was painted – am known
3) has been painted – am known 4) has been painted - know
80. A: Did Anne pass the English exam?
B: I’m not sure. She ……… it.
1) should pass 2) might pass 3) might have passed 4) should have passed
81. A(n) ……… is a description of the main ideas or facts about something.
1) term 2) unit 3) outline 4) statement
82. Do you think I’m ……… in the group for going on the journey?
1) invented 2) managed 3) realised 4) included
83. A particular area part in a country or in the world is called a ……… .
1) pole 2) region 3) plain 4) site
84. She was greatly ……… in the play and cried in the final act.
1) developed 2) involved 3) expressed 4) contained
85. I had to study for the exam, so I had a ……… sleep last night.
1) brief 2) extreme 3) concerned 4) contained
86. The new rail services will form a ……… connecting the capital and major cities.
1) process 2) network 3) trade 4) material
87. These instruments cannot be used everywhere; they are ……… for use in very cold condition.
1) observed 2) imagined 3) researched 4) designed
88. My cousin bas a strong ……… likeness to his father.
1) regular 2) imagined 3) researched 4) designed
89. There were not many cars in the street and traffic was flowing ……… .
1) straightly 2) brightly 3) smoothly 4) irrelevantly
90. We will achieve more if we ……… our studies.
1) pick up 2) look up 3) take part 4) concentrate on
PART B: Cloze Test
Directions: Questions 91 - 95 are related to the following passage. Read the passage and decide which choice (1) , (2) , (3) , or (4) best fits each space Then mark your answer sheet.
One difficulty that psychologists face is that many things the study, including mental growth and mental processes, are not Visible. One way to (91) ……… the difficulty in the case of mental (92) ……… is to compare what a child can do at a (93) ……… age with what he or she could do when younger. A Swiss psychologist called Jean Piaget did this and clearly (94) ……… that younger children think quite (95) ……… from older ones. For example, the younger child, unlike the older child, is unable of understanding that when you change the shape of an object the weight does not change.
1) overcome 2) devote 3) explore 4) operate
1) interest 2) device 3) growth 4) health
1) regular 2) particular 3) natural 4) similar
1) informed 2) recorded 3) guessed 4) showed
1) artificially 2) differently 3) confusingly 4) extremely
PART C: Reading Comprehension
Directions: In this part of the test, you will read a passage. The passage is followed by five questions. Answer the questions by choosing the best choice (1) , (2) , (3) , or (4). Then mark your answer sheet.
The Korean language, also a member of the Altaic language family, is spoken by about 57 million people, 39 in South Korea (The Republic of Korea) and 18 in North Korea (Democratic People’s Republic). There are some differences between the language of the North and of the South.
Some Korean words come from Chinese. These words are written in Chinese characters. Kanji. But unlike Japanese. Words of Korean origin are never written in kanji. During the 15th century, a local phonetic script called en – mum (today known as hangul) was invented. It was not based on Chinese models like the Japanese script. But on Sanskrit, the phonetic alphabet of ancient
When the Japanese took over control of
96. According to the passage, the Korean words which come from Chinese are written in ……… .
1) hangul 2) Sanskrit 3) Kanji 4) Japanese alphabets
97. According to the passage, which sentence is NOT true?
1) Hangul is a Korean phonetic script.
2) Hangul was based on Chinese models.
3) Japanese script was based on Chinese models.
4) Hangul was based on the phonetic alphabet of ancient
98. The Phonetic alphabet used in
1) hangul 2) Latin alphabet 3) Korean alphabet 4) ancient Indian alphabet
99. The word ‘‘revived” in the last paragraph is closest in meaning to ……… .
1) renewed 2) reacted 3) released 4) reviewed
100. What ix taught in Korean schools now?
1) Korean writing 2) Chinese writing
3) Revived hangul and Korean writing 4) Revived hangul and Chinese writhing
زبان اختصاصي (منحصراً زبان) سراسري1387
PART A: Grammar
Directions: Questions 101 - 110 are incomplete sentences. Beneath each sentence you will see four words or phrases, marked: (1) , (2) , (3) , and (4). Choose the one word or phrase that best completes the sentence. Then mark your answer sheet.
101. When I don’t know ……… a word, I always look it up in a dictionary.
1) to spell 2) how to spell 3) spelling 4) how spelling
102. At the conference, there were several writers, the most famous ……… was Paul Theroux.
1) of whom 2) of those 3) from them 4) writer of whom
103. He attended the festival ……… miss the wedding ceremony.
1) so as to not 2) in order to not. 3) so that he wouldn’t 4) in order that he won’t
104. I asked that advice ……… to me unless I asked for it.
1) not to give 2) not be given 3) wouldn’t be given 4) wasn’t given
105. He couldn’t mend the window because there ……… .
1) wasn’t any glass 2) was not glass enough 3) were few glasses 4) weren’t many glasses
106. The more the customer complained, ……… the manager became.
1) more unpleasant 2) the more unpleasant 3) most unpleasant 4) the most unpleasant
107. Despite the need ……… more teachers, the teacher training college is to be reduced ……… size next year.
1) for - in 2) of - in 3) for - down 4) of - down
108. We ……… in the doctor’s office for an hour when we ……… that he was still at the hospital.
1) had been waiting - told 2) were waiting - told 3) waited – were told 4) had been waiting – were told
109. If we were rich, we ……… to help those poor people who were suffering.
1) were offering 2) suffered 3) would have offered 4) will have offered
110. He still remembers the accident, ……… it happened more than 20 years ago.
1) as if 2) despite 3) however 4) even though
PART B: Vocabulary
Directions: Questions 111 - 125 are incomplete sentences. Beneath each sentence you will see four words or phrases, marked: (1) , (2) , (3) , and (4). Choose the one word or phrase that best completes the sentence. Then mark your answer sheet.
111. In ……… to their system, ours seems very old – fashioned.
1) contrast 2) capacity 3) profession 4) definition
112. Now, the ……… of the Internet allows students to contact other children even more easily.
1) approach 2) availability 3) mode 4) construction
113. Group activities and research projects allow children to communicate in English without suffering from …… .
1) adjustment 2) participation 3) embarrassment 4) comparison
114. She felt she had looked at the problem from every ……… .
1) issue 2) focus 3) aspect 4) pattern
115. Modern medicine and ……… of health are giving elderly people the means to live longer.
1) digestion 2) survival 3) contribution 4) awareness
116. He wrote a book in which he described the pumping action of the heart and the ……… of the blood.
1) interaction 2) observation 3) destination 4) circulation
117. The large ……… of natural resources has helped give Caligornia the most productive economy of any state.
1) variety 2) context 3) outline 4) formation
118. The audience asked a panel of experts if they thought it was possible to ……… the lifespan of human beings through science.
1) cause 2) extend 3) access 4) involve
119. The job of every television and radio service around the world is to ……… programs.
1) invent 2) estimate 3) perform 4) transmit
120. You eat to ……… the necessary energy and building materials for the body.
1) obtain 2) protect 3) combine 4) increase
121. Dr. Endsleigh ……… . number of projects for disabled children, but has now moved on to work in the
1) dreamed 2) initiated 3) succeeded 4) composed
122. The industry needs to pay more attention to what ……… customers.
1) admires 2) provides 3) attracts 4) enhances
123. The teacher told Sue her comments were interesting but not ……… .
1) smooth 2) relevant 3) flexible 4) voluntary
124. The proportion of the black population unable to read had dropped ……… since the end of World War II.
1) chiefly 2) financially 3) efficiently 4) dramatically
125. I haven’t completed my registration process. Two of the classes I want to take have ……… schedules.
1) imperative 2) conflicting 3) additional 4) former
PART C: Sentence Structure
Directions: Choose the sentence with the best order for each of the following series. Then mark the correct choice on your answer sheet.
1) He has been going to school now even for a year but he can’t read.
2) He has been going to school now for a year but he can even not read.
3) He has been going to school for a year now and even can’t read even.
4) He has been going to school now for a year and he can’t read even.
1) Television isn’t always as effective a medium as people think it is.
2) As effective a medium, television isn’t always as people think it is.
3) As people think it is – television isn’t always as effective a medium.
4) Television isn’t always as effective as people think it is a medium.
1) She is going to marry with a young tall man with red hair.
2) She is going to marry a tall young man with red hair.
3) She is going to marry a young tall man with red hair.
4) She is going to marry with a tall young man with red hair.
1) The road was full of holes that we took round the mountain.
2) The road was round the mountain we took was full of holes.
3) The road that was took round the mountain was full of holes.
4) The road round the mountain was full of holes that we took.
1) When night fell. The city they used to close to all outside the gate.
2) They used to close when night fell the gate to all outside the city.
3) They used to close the gate when night fell to all outside the city.
4) When night fell. they used to close the gate to all outside the city.
PART D: Language Functions
Directions: Read the following conversations between two people and answer the questions about the conversations by choosing one of the choices (1) , (2) , (3) , or (4). Then mark the correct choice on your answer sheet.
A: I just can’t stop eating this great pizza.
B: I thought you didn’t (131) ……… pizza.
1) care for 2) take to 3) feel for 4) get onto
A: I can’t (132) ……… this map.
B: Let’s pull in at the next gas station.
1) make the most of 2) keep the and of 3) keep my head above 4) make head not tail of
A: Can I get you some coffee?
B: No, thanks. I’ve (133) ……… coffee. It makes me too nervous.
A: Yeah. (134) ……… . How about some tea?
B: (135) ……… Thank you.
A: O.K. I’ll be back (136) ……… . Sit down.
1) given up 2) cut down 3) taken off 4) made out
1) I do too 2) So do I 3) Same here is 4) Same for me
1) A’ll right I guess it 2) After all 3) That sounds fine 4) That’s no problem
1) for a while 2) for just a second 3) in a minute 4) at the moment
A: Professor Smith, can we write our term paper on any topic we like?
B: (137) ……… you that it over with me first.
1) As long as 2) There’s no sense 3) It is supposed to 4) As a matter of fact
A: You don’t know how to (138) ……… the printer? Try reading the manual (139) ………?
B: I did, and I’m still (140) ………
1) sign in 2) set up 3) turn up 4) cheek out
1) Why not 2) Why don’t you 3) What do you say 4) What about it
1) in the dark 2) out of order 3) in the black 4) out of the blue
PART E: Cloze Test
Directions: Read the following passage and which choice (1) , (2) , (3) , or (4) best fits each space. Then mark the correct choice on your answer sheet.
According to one National Union of Students survey, four out of ten students (141) ……… universities in the UK had a job (142) ……… term – time. With more tuition (143) ……… and other additional costs. it seems (144) ……… to assume that this figure is increasing. The students we talked to (145) ……… that this is the case.
For many of the students we interviewed, the idea of a part – time job (146) ……… their full – time studies is no longer an option, but a (147) ……… . At the same time, some of them said universities offer (148) ……… help regarding employment or simply advise students (149) ……… having a job. They expect students (150) ……… on their degrees and nothing else.
1) attend 2) attending 3) to attend 4) are attending
1) for 2) at 3) during 4) within
1) fares 2) fees 3) funds 4) budgets
1) useful 2) truthful 3) surprising 4) reasonable
1) investigated 2) evaluated 3) confirmed 4) pretended
1) on top of 2) nonetheless 3) in spite 4) next to
1) on top of 2) resolution 3) reaction 4) proposal
1) none 2) little 3) a little 4) not
1) for 2) with 3) about 4) against
1) work 2) have worked 3) be working 4) to be working
PART F: Reading Comprehension
Directions: In this part of the test, you will read a passage. Each passage is followed by a number of questions, Answer the questions by choosing the best choice (1) , (2) , (3) , or (4). Then mark the correct on your answer sheet.
A comedy in the modern sense of the sort is a play that has an amusing plot, or story, often full of humour in the form of jokes or funny situations, and a happy ending. The simplest form of comedy is called farce; in it, the writer deliberately sets up comical or embarrassing situations to make the audience laugh. Other types of comedy are written on a deeper. More complicated level and show greater skill in the depiction f characters. Comedies of this kind often make fun of social manners and customs.
The roots of comedy lie in the culture of ancient
In the Middle Ages, the word ‘‘comedy” came to mean any story with a happy ending and written or told in an informal style. During time this time comedy lost its connection with the stage. Theatrical comedies began to be written again during the Renaissance, but those comedies were mainly concerned with the stock humorous characters of farce, In Italy the Commedia dell arte developed this approach to comedy between the 16th and 18th centuries. It featured the figures of Harlequin, Columbine, and Pantaloon among others and became very popular all over Europe, especially in
151. What does this passage mainly discuss?
1) Emergence of comedy in
3) The development of comedy 4) Comedy in its modern sense
152. A comedy concerning the humorous aspects of love can be found among the writings of all the following writers EXCEPT ………….. .
1) Molière 2) Plautus 3) Aristophanes 4) Pantaloon
153. It can be inferred from the passage that Plautus and Terence's plays ………. .
1) were politically and socially inspired comedies
2) were mainly concerned with stock humorous characters
3) mostly dealt with the events of the previous ???
4) reflected an approach to comedy similar to that of Aristophanes
154. The word ‘‘it” in line 23 refers to …………… .
1) comedy 2) approach 3) commedia dell arte 4) La Comédue Ilalienne
155. According to the passage, comedies in the Middle Ages …………. .
1) had theatrical plots and happy endings 2) were meant to solve social problems
3) told stories in an informal style 4) formed the basis of Renaissance comedy
156. Which of the following statements is NOT true about Moliere?
1) He was concerned about social problems.
2) His comedies formed the basis of pantomime
3) His comedies made use of mockery as a device.
4) He was a great writer of French comedy in the 17th century.
157. The word ‘‘deliberately” in line 3 is closest in meaning to ………….. .
1) obviously 2) potentially 3) skillfully 4) intentionally
158. Which of the following is NOT among the characteristics of farse?
1) It is written on a deep level. 2) It is a simple form of comedy.
3) It aims to make people laugh. 4) It is full of funny situations.
Capital punishment is the death penalty for a crime. It is usually carried out by hanging, electrocution, beheading, injection or firing squad. From ancient times until the 18th century people were sentenced to death for a great number of crimes, some trivial by today's standards. The sentence was often accompanied by torture. Because of the work of social reformers was William penn, the founder of the slate of
One of the main arguments against capital punishment is that it is unnecessary, as life imprisonment is just as effective in preventing person from committing the same kind of crime again. It is said that capital punishment does not stop people committing crimes such as murder and treason as they are carried out by people so determined to commit them that they do not care how they may be punished if they are caught. It is also said that the penalty satisfies feelings of revenge that people may have, rather than brings about justice. On a purely practical level it is also thought to be unfair, since it is possible that some people will be wrongly convicted of crimes. Once a person is executed it is. Of course, too late to retry the case if new evidence appears. This is often said to be more likely lo happen to a poor person who may not be able to afford to appeal against a conviction.
Some people still argue that capital punishment should be used and should be brought back in some countries that have abolished it. They base their argument mainly on a view that capital punishment is a deterrent.
Many countries have abolished capital punishment completely. They include
159. What is the purpose of this passage?
1) To inform 2) To define 3) To complain 4) To entertain
160. What does the author mean by the statement ‘‘the penalty satisfies feelings of revenge that people may have?”
1) The punishment will make people obey the law.
2) People feel satisfied after committing crimes.
3) People may have the courage to commit crimes again.
4) The punishment may help calm down angry people.
161. The second paragraph is mainly concerned with ………… .
1) death penalty versus life imprisonment 2) crime prevention by governments
3) effects of capital punishment 4) arguments against capital punishment
162. According to the passage, supporters of capital punishment mainly argue that it …. .
1) brings about justice 2) is fair and efficient
3) stops people from committing crimes 4) should only be used for murder or treason.
163. In Australia and Great Britain, capital punishment ………. .
1) has been abolished completely 2) is no longer used for murder
3) has been changed to a less severe punishment 4) is much less common than in the
164. It can be inferred from the passage that ………..
1) nowadays governments use the death penalty for many crimes
2) the death penalty was very common before the 18th century.
3) many writers and thinkers are in favor of the death penalty.
4) life imprisonment is more effective than capital punishment
Human beings used speech as a means of communication long before writing was invented. Writing represents, or symbolizes. The sounds we make when we speak. Written language is usually more formal than speech. In a tipycal conversation, a speaker will stop and start, leave a sentence unfinished. And say “er” or “um” when thinking what to